Ever occurred to you that the car your are driving is running so efficiently due to its strong car engine and What Makes A Strong Car Engine? Since the very first motorized carriage, to modern hypercar, the automobile has had one thing in common – the engine. The engine is the part of the vehicle that propels the whole system forward.
In the automobile history, the engine has been a series of complex systems. These systems are working together to create centrifugal force, which in turn powers the drive wheels.
What Makes A Strong Car Engine?
Here, we are going to explain what makes a strong car engine.
High Engine Capacity
Engines that have high capacities for oil and coolant generally do a better job of handling the thermal stresses in an engine. Think of this as having more ammunition to fight an enemy. When engines have more room for coolant and oil, they have more firepower to fight back against the engines. Also, small engines can be made strong through other factors and adjustments. Big engines aren’t naturally more strong just because they’re big, and conversely, small engines aren’t naturally weak because they’re small.
Choice Of Fuel
The choice of fuel for your car vehicle can also be a very crucial factor in deciding what makes a strong car engine. Here’s what!!
Diesel engines are widely regarded as strong powerhouses that are good for towing and long-distance travel. The reason for this has to do with lubrication. Diesel fuel is more lubricative than petrol, meaning that as the fuel is injected into the cylinders, it actually helps the oil lubricate the engine and keep friction to a minimum. Gasoline, on the other hand, usually has detergents in the fuel, causing the fuel to clean the engine of oil and other grime as it runs throughout the cylinder.
Material used in Engine Head and Blocks
Nearly all engines have a head and a block, the two main pieces of the engine. Between these two pieces is a head gasket, a very common point of failure for engines. The head gasket seals up the connection between the head and the block, protecting the coolant and oil channels from spilling into the cylinders. When a head gasket blows, coolant and oil, or even fuel can spill out into places it isn’t supposed to be.
Head and the block have different rates of thermal expansion. Engineers can generally choose to design a block or head from aluminum or cast iron. Both have their pros and cons and some engines mix and match the metals. Cast iron is stronger and cheaper, but it’s also heavy and distributes heat poorly. Aluminum on the other hand is light and has very good heat distribution, it’s also more expensive and tends to expand a lot under heat.
Some of the strongest engines are designed with a strong cast-iron block and an aluminum head. This design allows the main structure of the engine to be strong while the head of the engine can dissipate all of the heat.
Heat Combating systems
Engines mostly overheat and may lead to the car breaking down on the way to your important day. Engineers combat overheating in engines through cooling systems and oiling systems. Cooling takes the heat of the engine away from the cylinders and dissipates it out from the radiator via the engine coolant that travels in channels throughout the engine. Cooling systems are a heat-management device.
Oiling systems, on the other hand, are heat prevention devices. By keeping a car oiled and lubricated properly, friction can be impeded in the engine, therefore keeping it cooler and within operating temperature.
The way these forces are dealt with primarily comes down to engine layout. Inline four-cylinder engines cancel out primary forces by having pairs of pistons on the opposing sides move up and down synchronously. However inline-four engines suffer from an imbalance of secondary forces. Straight 6 engines on the other hand are capable of balancing out both their primary and secondary forces through proper piston timing, making this design one of the more reliable statistically.
Conclusion: What Makes A Strong Car Engine?
Coming down to what makes a strong car engine? There are no hard and fast rules but it comes down to clever engineering to allow an engine to properly handle thermal stresses through any design characteristic possible. It takes a lot of experiments and trials by the hardworking engineers to make one strong and reliable engine. Thus, we get our strong car engine!!
Read More: Top 9 Cars With The Most Powerful Engines